Most popular understanding of Pan European UAV rul

2022-09-22
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Understand the pan European UAV rule frame

understand the pan European UAV rule frame

10:26:48 source:

32 state members of the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) work together to bring UAVs into continental airspace. At the same time, regulators from various countries and UAV manufacturers are working together to ensure that the industry benefits from unified legislation on innovation, leadership and, of course, sales

UAV in Europe is a rapidly developing sector. It is estimated that in 20 years, the European UAV sector will directly employ more than 100000 people, with an annual economic impact of more than 10billion euros, mainly in the service industry. All efforts to advance common rules and regulations will help ensure that these efforts are created and maintained

in Amsterdam drone week last November, EASA held a high-level conference on drones. During the two-day invitation meeting, top aviation and industry stakeholders discussed UAV regulations and the future of the European UAV industry. During the plenary session on the new European regulatory framework, representatives of industry and regulators discussed the appropriate framework for UAV regulation: performance-based, collaborative and global

as the temperature rises, the agency hopes that EASA's first set of UAV supervision will be released in the first or second quarter of 2019. The second package will include projects such as certification, which will be released for comment in 2020 - followed by the UTM package. In Europe, as in the United States, some industry stakeholders said that regulations may restrict innovation and adoption, but this argument received the same response because regulators need to pay attention to safety

in contrast, in Europe, this emphasis on safety is just ahead of another widely recognized goal: the development of the European UAV market. This is a challenge, because although regulators admit that the commercial aviation regulations that occurred 20 years ago are based on a deep understanding of manned aviation, for 1 The instrument has been strictly inspected and qualified when leaving the factory. For UAVs, the regulatory authority is in a new field

three categories

the proposed EASA regulations for European UAVs are divided into three categories: open, specific and certified. At present, the implementation of regulations only involves open and specific categories

in the open group, in principle, low-risk UAVs. They do not require the prior authorization of the competent authority, nor do they require the UAV operator to make a statement before operation. However, if the weight exceeds 250 grams, registration is required

the requirements involve line of sight operation. The maximum platform weight is 25 kg, the maximum altitude is 120 meters (except for flying on fixed obstacles more than 70 meters), limited flight for unaffected people and compliance with certain standards. The remote pilot must have control capability, so autonomous operation is excluded

in the specific category that means the scope of UAV operation, before considering the risks involved and the operation authorized by the competent authority, a statement of the drone operator is sufficient except for the standard scenario, or when the operator holds a privileged certificate of the light UAV operator

a certified category means the category of UAV operation, which requires the certification of UAV and its operators as well as the permission of crew

Pan European endeavour

it is essential that EASA's efforts involve stakeholders from each member state

we have been learning, said Pekka hentu, a representative of trafi, the Finnish transport safety authority. My expectation and hope is that we will achieve coordinated regulation - which will make Europe a leader in the industry.

for the first time in history, aviation has become a real commercial product. Daniel Wiegand, CEO of heavy electronic vertical takeoff and landing (evtol) aircraft Lilium, said that performance-based regulation is the best stepping stone. Regulatory framework

Steve Nordlund of Boeing agrees with Wiegand. The aviation industry is using it in various ways - in the industry - that it has never used before, he said. Complementary regulatory activities around the world are important. Maintaining the safety level - even improving the safety level - is the commitment we need Close cooperation between industry and regulators is very important

Christopher Raab, CEO of the European unmanned aerial vehicle alliance, stressed that cooperation between countries is crucial. Our method is a unified one. We need to formulate a set of regulations throughout Europe, he said, commenting that small businesses in particular need to take advantage of a larger market. This is about creating wealth, employment and business. The more global interoperability rules we have, the more profitable we will be, Raab said. International regulators must be aware of this

Raab also recognizes the importance of discussing the benefits of drones with the community. We should not talk about acceptance, but should explain social values This should be the most important thing in our minds

when asked whether we have made appropriate regulatory progress in the industry, norund said that so far, the huge growth of the industry indicates progress. He once again stressed that cooperative activities between industry and regulators were crucial to growth - what he called testing and learning activities, which focused on solving this new form of aviation problem. We just started, he said

although it is recognized that all stakeholders may not agree with the efforts of EASA basic rules, we have opened the door, hentu said We started a dialogue

the dialogue between aviation regulators is similar on a global scale - security, privacy, network security, public acceptance, industry adoption and other issues are complex. Looking at so many busy people every day, we know that this place is a formal and thorny topic. However, in Europe, these problems are being solved with a view to achieving global cooperation and the development of the UAV market. This effort will benefit not only European drone companies, but also Europe as a whole

at the same time, the European Commission (EC) promised to help European UAV manufacturers. At the EC meeting held in Brussels earlier this year, the discussion on transport regulation focused on competition. Violeta bulc, the transport commissioner, believes that the comprehensive regulations in Europe will allow European countries to manage airspace at a lower cost and become the world leader in the aviation industry, especially for the emerging UAV market

Ms. bulc said that the expected UAV regulations would create a European based regulatory framework, which would create conditions for European UAV manufacturers to become world leaders. The transport commissioner promised that the proposed law would strike a balance between safety, security, legal certainty, privacy and data protection requirements

this will really take off the European UAV industry, she said

the first set of UAV rules mentioned above is part of a larger aviation package aimed at formulating common rules for the entire aviation industry, which will help reduce airspace management costs. This approach emphasizes the intention of EASA, that is, to allow member states to draft rules on where and when UAVs can fly, but the European Commission will develop common standards for UAV design, production and certification

commercial UAV opportunities in Europe

although the United States and Israel currently dominate the world military UAV market, European commercial companies are growing, and legislators hope that a consistent regulatory framework can encourage development. The 2014 TnI report eurodrones concluded that the European Commission should shift its focus from military UAVs to expanding the commercial market and recommend policies designed for the UAV industry

the daily brexit debate continues, but members of the European Parliament have supported the revision of aviation safety rules to ensure that the future use of drones is safe for everyone across Europe. Throughout the EU, manufacturers and operators already exist under different rules and regulations. All this will change through this EASA program. A set of general principles for the use and operation of unmanned aerial vehicles will ensure that everyone follows the same rules - which means that the public is safer

the proposed measures cover all aspects of the industry. The design of UAV must ensure that the safety of the public will not be threatened. This means that the weight of the drone will be important, and the places where the drone can fly (at what altitude and distance) will also be thoroughly monitored. UAVs also need new functions that have been discussed and tested but have not been widely introduced. This includes automatic landing system and emergency parachute deployment to manage the situation that the operator loses control or contacts with the UAV in flight. It will also see anti-collision systems become an integral part of UAV operations

coverdrone's flysafe application has provided operators with a way to quickly plan flights and safely drive UAVs. Flysafe is connected to the guardian UTM platform of altitude angel to support commercial UAV pilots. However, UAV operators are fully aware of all the rules that apply to them. Any person flying UAV must be able to operate the aircraft safely without exposing the public or other airspace users to risks

although most commercial operators have received comprehensive and thorough flight training, the new rules mean that more UAV operators can be required to complete the training before they can operate UAVs. The rapid development of UAV industry means that rules and regulations must be changed. In recent years, the number of small unmanned aerial vehicles driven by commercial operators and amateurs has exceeded everyone's expectations

there are some approaching mistakes, but these changes are far more than simply avoiding physical collapse. EASA now seeks to create a secure, transparent and well governed UAV industry. Many drones (depending on size and weight) need to be correctly recorded in national registries. The provisional proposal was approved by a majority (558 votes to 71), but the new rules need to be approved by EU ministers

summary of the newly proposed EU UAV rules:

the new UAV rules agree to ensure the common safety level of EU countries

the operators of drones of 250 grams or more must register

drones must not operate at an altitude of 400 feet above the ground

drones are limited to fly within 1 km from the protected airport

drones must be designed to ensure that they can operate without threatening people The UAV operators must know all the rules that apply to them

there are also two other regulations planned: the authorization regulations and Implementation Regulations on the technical requirements of consumer UAVs, which stipulate all the requirements of risk-based and proportionate UAV and UAV operation. They will consider the principle of proportionality and measures to mitigate the operational risks of unmanned aerial vehicles in open and specific categories

the problems that still need to be solved include how member states can continue to create unrestricted/restricted UAV areas, the large number of UAVs that need to be registered, and how to fully adopt u-space. Other regulators need to work together on safety issues, but it is expected to proceed smoothly

the timetable for the first or second quarter of 2019 for the Commission and implementation of the regulations seems optimistic, but it is better to introduce them slowly than to have no unified regulations. There will be a two-year transitional system to expand the effectiveness of existing mandates and Member States to suspend certain

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